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Securing Your Data: How Decentralized Storage Fights Ransomware
Jennifer KingSep 11, 20237 min read

Securing Your Data: How Decentralized Storage Fights Ransomware

In recent years, ransomware attacks have become increasingly prevalent and sophisticated. A new report shows 1,900 reported ransomware attacks within just four countries—the US, Germany, France, and the UK—over the past 12 months. 

These attacks involve malicious actors encrypting a victim's data and demanding a ransom in exchange for the decryption key. The consequences of a successful ransomware attack can be devastating, leading to data loss, reputational damage and financial loss. Victims have paid ransomware groups a staggering $449.1 million in the first six months of 2023.

The vulnerabilities of centralized storage

Centralized storage systems, such as cloud storage services, have long been the norm for organizations and individuals to store their data. However, these systems are not without their vulnerabilities. Centralized storage relies on a single point of failure, making them attractive targets for hackers. Once a hacker gains access to the central storage system, they can easily encrypt or steal large amounts of data, leading to potential ransomware attacks. 

In August of 2023, Danish cloud host CloudNordic lost all of the customer data it was storing following a ransomware attack including its backups. While there was no evidence that customer data was copied out or exfiltrated from its systems, the attackers scrambled in the attack making it unrecoverable.

Beyond the ransomware threat, centralized storage systems typically utilize geographically concentrated data centers which can increase the risk of data loss in the event of natural disasters or physical damage. Additionally, centralized storage systems may be subject to governmental regulations and surveillance, compromising data privacy and security.

How decentralized storage protects against ransomware

Decentralized storage offers a more secure alternative to centralized storage systems when it comes to protecting against ransomware attacks. By distributing data across multiple nodes, decentralized storage makes it difficult for hackers to gain access to all the pieces of encrypted data. Even if one node is compromised, the hacker would only have access to a fraction of the data, rendering it useless without the decryption key.

The encryption used in decentralized storage adds an additional layer of security. Each piece of data is encrypted before being distributed, ensuring that even if a hacker manages to intercept the data, they would not be able to decipher its contents without the encryption key. This encryption makes it extremely difficult for hackers to exploit the data and launch ransomware attacks.

Advantages of decentralized storage

Decentralized storage offers several advantages over centralized storage systems, especially in the context of ransomware protection. Firstly, the distributed nature of decentralized storage ensures high availability and reliability. Since data is stored across multiple nodes, even if one or more nodes go offline, the data remains accessible from other nodes. This redundancy minimizes the risk of data loss and ensures business continuity.

Secondly, decentralized storage provides enhanced data privacy and security. As data is encrypted and distributed across multiple nodes, it becomes much harder for unauthorized individuals or entities to gain access to the data. Furthermore, decentralized storage platforms often incorporate advanced security features, such as end-to-end encryption and user-controlled encryption keys, giving users full control over their data and protecting it from unauthorized access.

Popular decentralized storage platforms

Several decentralized storage platforms have emerged in recent years, offering secure and reliable alternatives to centralized storage systems. One such platform is IPFS (InterPlanetary File System), which uses a peer-to-peer network to store and distribute data. IPFS ensures content integrity by addressing files using unique cryptographic hashes. Another popular platform is Sia, which leverages blockchain technology to create a decentralized storage marketplace. Sia allows users to rent storage space from hosts and encrypts the data before distributing it across the network.

Other notable decentralized storage platforms include Storj, and Filecoin. These platforms each have their unique features and advantages, but they all share the common goal of providing secure and decentralized storage solutions.

Implementing decentralized storage in your organization

Implementing decentralized storage in your organization requires careful planning and consideration. Here are some steps to help you get started:

  1. Assess your storage needs: Determine the amount of data you need to store and the specific requirements of your organization. Consider factors such as data security, accessibility, and scalability.
  2. Choose the right platform: Research and evaluate different decentralized storage platforms to find the one that best aligns with your organization's needs. Consider factors like security features, cost, performance, and developer community support.
  3. Develop a migration plan: Create a detailed plan for migrating your data from centralized storage to the decentralized storage platform. This may involve transferring data in batches, ensuring data integrity, and testing the performance and reliability of the new storage system.
  4. Train your staff: Provide training and education to your staff on how to use the decentralized storage platform effectively and securely. Emphasize the importance of data privacy and security practices to prevent potential breaches.
  5. Monitor and maintain: Regularly monitor the performance and security of your decentralized storage system. Implement backups and disaster recovery plans to ensure data availability in case of any unforeseen circumstances.

Best practices for securing your data with decentralized storage

While decentralized storage can provide robust protection against ransomware attacks, there are still best practices you should follow to maximize security. Here are some recommendations:

  1. Regularly update software: Keep your decentralized storage platform and associated software up to date with the latest security patches and updates. This helps protect against known vulnerabilities and ensures that you are benefiting from the latest security enhancements.
  2. Implement strong access controls: Use strong passwords, multi-factor authentication, and role-based access control to limit access to your decentralized storage system. Regularly review and revoke access rights for employees who no longer need them.
  3. Encrypt data at rest and in transit: Enable encryption for data both at rest and in transit. This ensures that even if data is intercepted or accessed without authorization, it remains unreadable and unusable.
  4. Regularly backup your data: Implement regular backups of your decentralized storage to ensure that you have a copy of your data in case of any data loss or corruption. Test the backups periodically to ensure their integrity and accessibility.
  5. Conduct security audits: Regularly conduct security audits and penetration testing to identify any vulnerabilities or weaknesses in your decentralized storage system. Address any identified issues promptly to maintain a high level of security.

The future of decentralized storage in the fight against ransomware

Decentralized storage holds great promise in the ongoing battle against ransomware attacks. As the threat landscape continues to evolve, organizations and individuals are increasingly turning to decentralized storage platforms to protect their valuable data. The distributed nature and advanced security features of decentralized storage make it a formidable defense against ransomware attacks.

In the future, we can expect to see further advancements in decentralized storage technology, including improved performance, scalability, and interoperability. As the adoption of decentralized storage increases, developers will continue to innovate and refine their platforms, making them more user-friendly and accessible to a wider audience.


Securing your data is of paramount importance in today's ever-evolving cyber threat landscape. The rise of ransomware attacks has highlighted the vulnerabilities of centralized storage systems and the need for more robust security measures. Decentralized storage offers a powerful solution to this problem, providing enhanced data privacy, security, and protection against ransomware attacks.

By distributing data across multiple nodes and encrypting it, decentralized storage makes it significantly more challenging for hackers to compromise and exploit the data. The advantages of decentralized storage, such as high availability, data privacy, and scalability, make it an attractive option for organizations looking to safeguard their valuable data.

As decentralized storage platforms continue to evolve and improve, we can expect them to play a crucial role in the future of data security. By implementing decentralized storage and following best practices, organizations can significantly enhance their data security posture and protect against the ever-growing threat of ransomware attacks.

Protect your valuable data from ransomware attacks by leveraging the power of decentralized storage. Explore the benefits of Filecoin decentralized storage and take proactive steps to secure your data today. Your organization's data security depends on it.

Learn more about decentralized storage 

The IDC, a leading global market intelligence firm, recently conducted a Cloud Storage Survey to explore organizations’ perceptions of the drawbacks to existing public cloud storage providers; and their appetite for decentralized storage solutions.

Survey highlights:

  • Over 87% of organizations were at least somewhat concerned about public cloud provider lock-in, and more than 46% were very or extremely concerned about it.
  • 82% of enterprises indicated that cost considerations were the initial reasons to move data into the cloud
  • The value proposition of decentralized storage— lower costs with at least the same durability, availability, safety, and performance as public cloud providers today — was preferred by 89.7% of respondents

To learn more about decentralized storage, download the IDC White Paper, Making the case for Decentralized Storage, sponsored by Protocol Labs.